Higher education is crucial for the nation since it is a potent weapon for creating the knowledge-based society of the twenty-first century. India has a highly developed higher education system that provides access to instruction and training in nearly all fields of human creative and intellectual endeavors, including the arts and humanities, engineering, the natural, mathematical, and social sciences, medicine, dentistry, agriculture, education, law, commerce, and management, music, performing arts, national and foreign languages, culture, and communications.

Any civilization, but particularly one with a sizable and diversified population, benefits much from the official statistical system. The system must adhere to the fundamental principles of total independence and openness.

In light of the aforementioned, the Ministry of Education (MoE) launched the All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) in the academic year 2010–11 with a reference date of September 30, 2010, to create a solid database and accurately portray higher education in the nation.

Since 2010–11, the Ministry of Education has been working to carry out an annual web-based All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) to assess the state of higher education in the nation. The poll includes all of the institutions in the nation that offer higher education. Data is being gathered on a variety of factors, including teachers, student enrollment, programs, exam outcomes, funding for education, and infrastructure.

The information gathered by AISHE will also be used to calculate indicators of educational development such as Institution Density, Gross Enrolment Ratio, Pupil-Teacher Ratio, Gender Parity Index, and Per Student Expenditure. These help conduct research and make educated policy decisions for the growth of the education sector.